Creation of Bharatiya Shiksha Board (BSB)
The preamble of the constitution of India resolves “WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to
India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE,
economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status
opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the
unity and integrity
of the Nation; IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT,
ENACT AND GIVE TO
OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION”.
Our Constitution laid down that in the eyes of law, everyone should have an equal status, to no one the justice be denied, everyone should have liberty of thought, expression. The equality of opportunity is meaningless, unless there are equal opportunities for one’s education. In the Constitution of India, it has been laid down that the study of one’s own language is a fundamental right of the citizens. Article 25(1) of the Constitution guarantees all the citizens the right to have freedom of conscience and the right to profess, practice and propagate religion. Article 26(1) states, “Any section of the citizens, residing in the territory of India or any part thereof, having a distinct language, script or culture of its own, shall have the right to converse the same”. Article 28(1) states, “No religious instruction shall be provided in any educational institution if wholly maintained out of state fund”. In the spirit of article 29(1) the Kothari Commission, 1964-66 recommended that Central Government should undertake the responsibility in education for the equalization of educational opportunities with special reference to the reduction of inter-state differences and the advancement of the weaker section of the community. Article 350A directs, “It shall be endeavor of every state and every local authority to provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother-tongue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to linguistic minority groups”.
The aim of education in ancient India was not just the acquisition of knowledge as preparation for life in this world, or life beyond schooling, but for the complete realization and liberation of the self. To maintain the continuity of the ethos this concept of Ancient India, which had been lacking in the education system adopted, in late 1990’s two Gurukul educated youth, the present day Yog Guru Swami Ramdev and Ayurvedacharya Acharya Balkrishna envisioned the concept of modern education blended of the Traditional Veda based education for the progress of nation and formed ‘Divya Yog Mandir Trust’ in 1995 followed by ‘Patanjali Yogpeeth Trust’ in 2005. Keeping in view the basic concepts in the Constitution and to foster the Indian Traditional values, the then Minister of HRD, Government of India Shri P. V. Narsimha Rao, as Chairman constituted Maharshi Sandeepni Rastriya Veda Vidya Pratishthan (MSRVVP) Ujjain, an autonomous body in the Department of Higher Education, inter alia with following objective.
i. “to equip (the students) with scientific and analytical outlook so that modern scientific thought contained in the Vedas, particularly disciplines of mathematics, astronomy, meteorology, chemistry, hydraulics, etc., could be linked with modern science and technology, and a rapport establishment between them and the modern scholars” and,
ii. “to undertake research in the interest of advancement of scientific knowledge in Vedas texts and Vedas Literature from the earliest time of Vedic period up to the present day, including areas of science, agriculture, technology, philosophy, yoga, education, poetics, grammar, linguistics, and Vedic tradition, and to provide for library, research equipment, research facilities supporting staff and other technical manpower”.
The Government of India, keeping in view the global education development agenda reflected in Goal 4 (SDG4) of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, adopted by India in 2015, released National Education Policy 2020 (NEP-2020), modifying the extant 10+2 structure in school education with a new pedagogical and curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 pattern, covering the ages 3-18 to make a strong base of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) from age 3, thus, replacing the secondary/senior secondary level system of education.
The Bharatiya Shiksha Board (BSB) is the result of above concepts incubated and conceptualized in the Ministry of Education (the then Ministry of HRD) by the Government of India implemented through the MSRVVP, the Central Government’s autonomous body in the ministry itself to provide Indian Traditional Knowledge blended education by giving affiliation to the Schools/the Institutes/Gurukuls Secondary/Senior Secondary level, or the similarity in 5+3+3+4 pattern of education, broadly categorized as:
(i) Modern Schools the Schools/ Institutes that impart modern education with impetus on blending Indian traditional knowledge with global perspective to match with the international educational standards and shall be National Curriculum Framework (NCF) compliant as well as National Education Policy (NEP-2020 or such other NEPs) oriented, as declared by the Government of India from time to time.
(ii) Guru Shishya Parampara/ Ved Pathshalas - the Schools/ Institutes that impart education in Indian traditional knowledge having Veda/Sanskrit/Yoga-Darsana, etc., blended with all modern subjects like Science, Mathematics, Social Science in line with Guru Shishya Parampara to spread Indian Traditional knowledge globally.
(iii) Gurukuls (Sanskrit Pathshala) Oriental Schools- the Schools/ Institutes that impart Indian traditional knowledge like Vedie education, Sanskrit education, Shastras & Darshans education, Bhartiya Art, with modern updated outlook.
For Guru Shishya Parampara/Veda Pathshala and Gurukuls/Oriental Schools curriculum, views shall be sought from MSRVVP. NCF and NEPs, to the extent applicable, shall be taken care of suitably.
BSB - What it is
Bharatiya Shiksha Board (BSB/ the Board) is a financially and administratively independent School Education board setup by the Government of India through its autonomous body Maharshi Sandipani Rastriya Veda Vidya Pratishthan (MSRVVP), Ujjain in the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of the then HRD (now Ministry of Education) after thorough due diligence and following due process of law.
BSB - How it is setup
The process of establishment of the BSB was:
- The MSRVVP with the authority from the then Ministry of HRD, Department of Higher Education invited Expression of Interest (EOI) from eligible parties interested to become Sponsoring Body for establishment of Bharatiya Shiksha Board and Patanjali Yogpeeth Trust submitted its application.
- As conveyed by MSRVVP vide letter dated 9th March, 2019, the Government vide letter dated 6th March, 2019 accorded permission to issue letter to the Sponsoring Body selected by Governing Council of MSRVVP for setting up of BSB, and that the Governing Council and General Body of MSRVVP, after a transparent exercise and detailed due diligence, have selected Patanjali Yogpeeth Trust as the Sponsoring Body to setup Bharatiya Shiksha Board (BSB).
- Vide above letter the MSRVVP requested Patanjali Yogpeeth Trust to setup the Bharatiya Shiksha Board and register it as a society as per the Model bye-laws of the ‘Establishment of the Bharatiya Shiksha Board (BSB)‘.
- The Patanjali Yogpeeth Trust formed the Bharatiya Shiksha Board Society and registered it on 30th April, 2019 and obtained Society Registration Certificate No.: UK06803042019001228.
Objectives of the Board
Objectives behind setting up of the BSB are to provide for the creation and empowerment of a BHARATIYA SHIKSHA BOARD for standardization, management, affiliation, recognition, certification, authentication, syllabi and programs “domain” area education in the country upto pre-degree level/senior secondary level or 5+3+3+4 pattern per NEP-2020 and for matters connected there with or incidental there to.
As per the definition for “Domain area” the Board shall affiliate following categories of Schools/Institutes.
- Modern Schools
- Gurukuls (Sanskrit Pathshala)
- Guru Shishya Parampara/ Ved Pathshalas
The “Domain area” means a system of education which includes an Indian Traditional Knowledge like Vedic Education, Sanskrit Education, Shastas and Darshanas Education, Bharatiya Art, Bharatiya Parampara and Sanskrit Education, etc., imparted through Gurukulas, Veda Pathashala, Gurushishya Parampara or any other education system having its core value in Veda education with or without modern education which shall be in conformity with National Curriculum Framework.
BSB – an Independent Setup
The Bharatiya Shiksha Board is envisaged to:
- Be a Society, financially and administratively independent.
- Finalise curriculum keeping in view the National Curriculum Framework (NCF) and get it approved from appropriate agency for its recognition as one of the authorised Boards.
- Organise in the same manner as other Boards like CBSE and professionally managed.
Equivalence letter from AIU
- Finance/Accounts & Legal
- Affiliation & Recognition
- Academics & Training
- Examination, Results & Certificates
- IT & Research
All the operational and administrative activities of the Board shall be managed with suitable manning and dividing the work in sections suitably within the departments.